lupa

Referencias y bibliografía

Actualidad / Reportajes

Chemsex, la punta del iceberg

Contra la inflamación por VIH, diagnóstico precoz y tratamiento inmediato

Antirretrovirales: robustez para minimizar olvidos y resistencias

Pacientes naïve, máxima prioridad contra el VIH

El año en el que el coronavirus eclipsó al VIH

VIH y COVID-19: ¿está en riesgo el objetivo 2030?

Pautas para la teleconsulta con pacientes VIH

Tres décadas de antirretrovirales en España. ¿Gastos o inversión?

  • Jarrín Vera, I, Pérez-Elías, MJ, Podzamczer Palter, D, Ventayol Bosch, P, Rubio-Rodríguez, D, Rubio-Terrés, C. ‘Clinical and economic impact of 32 years of antiretroviral therapy for people living with HIV in Spain: Has it been an efficient intervention?’ 65. Congreso Nacional de la Sociedad Española de Farmacia Hospitalaria (SEFH), 2020.

VIH: ¿Es realista el cuarto 90?

VIH: la resaca emocional de la pandemia

40 años del primer caso de sida en España

Indetectable = Intransmisible. El gran cambio en la vida de las parejas con VIH

Unfollow de virus, nuevo canal en YouTube

  • 40-years-of-the-AIDSresponse_es (v0.1). www.unaids.org/es/resources/infographics/40-years-of-the-AIDS-response
  • Rodger AJ, et al. “Risk of HIV transmission through condomless sex in serodifferent gay couples with the HIV-positive partner taking suppressive antiretroviral therapy (PARTNER): final results of  a multicentre, prospective, observational study. Lancet. 2019 Jun 15;393(10189):2428-2438. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(19)30418-0.
  • A pesar de que se ha probado que una supresión viral eficaz con un tratamiento antirretroviral reduce sustancialmente el riesgo de transmisión sexual, no se puede excluir el riesgo residual. Se deben de tomar precauciones, conforme a las directrices nacionales, para prevenir la transmisión».

El reto de envejecer con VIH

  • UNAIDS. Report on the global HIV/AIDS epidemic. UNAIDS, 2020.

Actualidad / Entrevistas

Entrevista a Juanse Hernández
Revihsta, número 4. Diciembre 2019.

Entrevista a Ramón Espacio
Revihsta, número 5. Diciembre 2020.

Entrevista a Josep Mallolas
Revihsta, número 4. Diciembre 2019.

Entrevista a José Zúñiga
Revihsta, número 4. Diciembre 2019.

VIHpedia / Qué es el VIH

VIH y sida, una historia de 40 años

¿Qué le pasa a tu cuerpo cuando tienes VIH?

¿Hay tratamientos eficaces contra el VIH?

Mitos y realidades sobre el VIH

El VIH y los ODS

VIHpedia / ¿Te has podido infectar con VIH?

¿Tienes dudas? Hazte la prueba

Dónde y cómo puedes hacerte la prueba

Qué tipos de prueba de VIH hay

Qué síntomas puedes tener

Prácticas sexuales de riesgo

 Si eres usuario de drogas inyectables…

¿Has participado en alguna sesión de chemsex?

¿Es eficaz la profilaxis post-exposición?

VIHpedia / Vivir con VIH

 ¿Has dado positivo?

Cómo preparar tu consulta

Qué tratamientos hay

Cómo puede afectar el VIH a tu cuerpo

Cuida tu cuerpo

  • https://www.hivisjustapartofme.eu
  • https://www.cdc.gov/hiv/spanish/basics/livingwithhiv/
  • Alcohol units. Live Well. NHS Choices. https://www.nhs.uk/live-well/alcohol-support/calculating-alcohol-units/
  • Melissa Goslawski et al. Binge Drinking Impairs Vascular Function in Young Adults. Journal of the American college of cardiology. Vol. 62, No. 3, 2013.
  • Giovanni Guaraldi et al. Premature Age-Related Comorbidities Among HIV-Infected Persons Compared With the General Population. Clinical Infectious Diseases Advance Access published October 13, 2011.
  • Richard J. Simpson et al. Exercise and the Regulation of Immune Functions. Progress in molecular biology and translational science. Vol. 135, pages 355–380, 2015.
  • Roy J. Shephard. Aging and exercise. Encyclopedia of Sports Medicine and Science. http://www.sportsci.org/encyc/agingex.html
  • Emily P. Hyle et al. High Frequency of Hypothalamic-Pituitary-Adrenal Axis Dysfunction After Local Corticosteroid Injection in HIV-Infected Patients on Protease Inhibitor Therapy. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. Vol. 63, No. 5, August 15, 2013.
  • Christine N. Dao et al. Low Vitamin D among HIV-Infected Adults: Prevalence of and Risk Factors for Low Vitamin D Levels in a Cohort of HIV-Infected Adults and Comparison to Prevalence among Adults in the US General Population. CID 2011: 52 (1 February). HIV/AIDS. Oct 2016.
  • Patrick W.G. Mallon. HIV and bone mineral density. Current Opinion in Infectious Diseases 2010, 23: 1–8. 
  • Good nutrition for healthy bones. International Osteoporosis Foundation.
  • The State of Men’s Health in Europe. Directorate general for health & consumer. European Commission.
  • Finding it early | About Cancer. Cancer research UK. Last review Sept 2014
  • Eric Huyghe et al. Testicular Cancer Variations in Time and Space in Europe. European Urology 51 (2007) 621–628.
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  • Marie Helleberg et al. Smoking and life expectancy among HIV-infected individuals on antiretroviral therapy in Europe and North America. AIDS 2015, Vol. 29 No. 2; 221–229. Guidelines version 9.0, October. EACS. European AIDS clinical society.
  • Somnath Pal. Patterns in Sun-Protection Behaviors. US Pharm. 2008; 33(4): 10.
  • Risk Factors for Skin Cancer. National council on skin cancer prevention. August 2016.
  • Sunscreens Explained. Skin cancer foundation. Published on May 22, 2012.
  • Men’s Health. High Blood Pressure in Men. http://www.webmd.com/men/guide/highbloodpressure.
  • CU Nduka et al. Evidence of increased blood pressure and hypertension risk among people living with HIV on antiretroviral therapy: a systematic review with meta-analysis. Journal of Human Hypertension (2016) 30, 355–362.
  • Understand Your Risk for High Blood Pressure. https://www.heart.org/en/health-topics/high-blood-pressure/understanding-blood-pressure-readings.
  • Type 2 diabetes Causes. NHS Choices. https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/type-2-diabetes/
  • Diabetes risk factors. Diabetes UK.
  • Giovanni Guaraldi et al. Premature Age-Related Comorbidities Among HIV-Infected Persons Compared With the General Population. Clinical Infectious Diseases Advance Access published October 13, 2011.
  • British HIV Association guidelines for the treatment of HIV-1-positive adults with antiretroviral therapy 2015.
  • Male midlife crisis Live Well. NHS Choices. http://www.nhs.uk/Livewell/men4060/Pages/midlifecrisis.aspx.
  • Cecilia L. Moore et al. Hospitalization for Anxiety and Mood Disorders in HIV-Infected and Uninfected Gay and Bisexual Men. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. Vol. 73, No. 5, December 15, 2016.
  • Scientific Opinion on Dietary Reference Values for water. EFSA Panel on Dietetic Products, Nutrition, and Allergies (NDA). European Food Safety Authority (EFSA), Parma, Italy.
  • Robert Kalyesubula et al. Nephrotoxicity of HAART. AIDS Research and Treatment. Volume 2011, Article ID 562790, 11 pages.
  • Raised cholesterol. Global Health Observatory (GHO) data. WHO. http://www.who.int/gho/ncd/risk_factors/cholesterol_text/en/.
  • Giovanni Guaraldi et al. Morbidity in Older HIV-Infected Patients: Impact of Long-Term Antiretroviral Use. AIDS Rev. 2014; 16: 75–89.
  • Prostate cancer. Cancer research UK.
  • Prostate cancer Causes. NHS Choices. https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/prostate-cancer/causes/
  • Julia L. Marcus et al. Prostate Cancer Incidence and Prostate-Specific Antigen Testing Among HIV-Positive and HIV-Negative Men. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. Vol. 66, No. 5, August 15, 2014.
  • Colorectal cancer. Global Health Observatory (GHO) data. WHO. http://www.who.int
  • Aging changes in sleep: MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia.
  • Alan W. Shindel et al. Sexual Dysfunction, HIV, and AIDS in Men Who Have Sex with Men. AIDS Patient Care and STDs. Vol. 25, No. 6, 2011.
  • Erectile dysfunction (impotence) Causes. NHS Choices. https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/erection-problems-erectile-dysfunction/
  • Bone Mass Measurement: What the Numbers Mean. NIH. http://www.niams.nih.gov/health_info/bone/bone_health/bone_mass_measure.asp.
  • Osteoporosis in Men. NIH. https://www.bones.nih.gov/health-info/bone/osteoporosis/men?_ga=2.130398218.42960943.1626953201-2119609527.1626953201
  • Pioneering Liver Health. British Liver Trust. www.britishlivertrust.org.uk/liver-information/
  • Xiangbo Huang et al. Liver Damage in Patients with HCV/HIV Coinfection Is Linked to HIVRelated Oxidative Stress. Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity. Vol. 2016, Article ID 8142431, 11 pages.
  • Alcoholic liver disease: A grave concern for Europe. EASLD 2016.
  • Stroke Causes. NHS Choices. http://www.nhs.uk/Conditions/Stroke/Pages/Whosatriskpage.aspx.
  • Julia L. Marcus et al. HIV Infection and Incidence of Ischemic Stroke. AIDS. 2014; 28(13): 1911–1919.
  • Eye health tips for over 60s Live Well. NHS Choices. http://www.nhs.uk/Livewell/over60s/Pages/eyehealth.aspx.
  • D Rosenfeld et al. Getting older with HIV: a study of HIV positive people. Summary October 2015. Keele University.
  • Winett R, Carpinelli R. Potential Health – related benefits of resistance training. Preventive medicine. Vol. 33, Issue 5. November 2001. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0091743501909090.
  • Christine N. Dao, Pragna Patel, E. Turner Overton, Frank Rhame, Sherri L. Pals, Christopher Johnson, Timothy Bush, John T. Brooks, and the Study to Understand the Natural History of HIV and AIDS in the Era of Effective Therapy (SUN) Investigators. Low Vitamin D among HIV-Infected Adults: Prevalence of and Risk Factors for Low Vitamin D Levels in a Cohort of HIV-Infected Adults and Comparison to Prevalence among Adults in the US General Population. Clinical Infectious Diseases 2011; 52(3): 396–405.
  • Osteoporosis Causes – NHS Choices. http://www.nhs.uk/Conditions/Osteoporosis/Pages/Causes.aspx
  • Patrick W.G. Mallon. HIV and bone mineral density. Current Opinion in Infectious Diseases 2010, 23: 1–8.
  • Good nutrition for healthy bones. International osteoporosis foundation. www.iofbonehealth.org
  • Guidelines version 9.1, October 2018. EACS European AIDS clinical society.
  • Marie-Pierre St-Onge, Ph.D.* and Dympna Gallagher, Ed.D. Body composition changes with aging: The cause or the result of alterations in metabolic rate and macronutrient oxidation? Nutrition. 2010. February; 26(2): 152–155. doi:10.1016/j.nut.2009.07.004.
  • Rajesh T. Gandhi, Paul E. Sax and Steven K. Grinspoon. Metabolic and Cardiovascular Complications in HIV-Infected Patients: New Challenges for a New Age. Downloaded from http://jid.oxfordjournals.org/ by guest on August 11, 2016.
  • What should my daily intake of calories be? NHS Choices. http://www.nhs.uk/chq/pages/1126.aspx?categoryid=51
  • Takara L. Stanley and Steven K. Grinspoon. Body Composition and Metabolic Changes in HIVInfected Patients. Downloaded from http://jid.oxfordjournals.org/ by guest on August 11, 2016.
  • Maria C. Marazzia, Leonardo Palombib, Karin Nielsen-Sainesc, Jere Haswelld, Ines Zimbae, Nurja A. Magide, Ersilia Buonomob, Paola Scarcellab, Susanna Ceffaf, Giovanna Paturzoe, Pasquale Narcisog and Giuseppe Liotta. Extended antenatal use of triple antiretroviral therapy for prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV-1 correlates with favorable pregnancy outcomes. AIDS 2011; 25: 1611–1618.
  • Daniela Caprara, MD, MSc, Rajiv Shah, MD, MSc,S. Jay MacGillivray, RM, Marcelo Urquia, PhD, Mark H. Yudin, MD, MSc. Demographic and Management Trends Among HIV-Positive Pregnant Women Over 10 Years at One Canadian Urban Hospital. FEBRUARY JOGC FÉVRIER 2014; 123–127.
  • British HIV Association guidelines for the management of HIV infection in pregnant women 2012. HIV Medicine (2014), 15(Suppl. 4), 1–77.
  • Tobacco consumption statistics. Data presented in this article refer to year 2008. A second wave of the European health interview survey (the source of these data) is being conducted in 2013 15 with a planned article update foreseen for December 2016.
  • Marie Helleberga, Margaret T. May, Suzanne M. Ingle, Francois Dabis, Peter Reiss, Gerd Fatkenheuer, Dominique Costagliolag, Antonella d’Arminio, Matthias Cavassini, Colette Smith, Amy C. Justice, John Gill, Jonathan A.C. Sterne and Niels Obela. Smoking and life expectancy among HIV-infected individuals on antiretroviral therapy in Europe and North America. AIDS 2015; 29: 221–229.
  • https://www.womenshealth.gov/hiv-and-aids/living-hiv/telling-people-you-are-hiv-positive
  • Orza L et al. How does living with HIV impact on women’s mental health? Voices from a global survey. Journal of the International AIDS Society 2015, 18(Suppl 5): 20289. http://dx.doi.org/10.7448/IAS.18.6.20289
  • Middle aged men twice as likely to have diabetes as women. Diabetes UK. https://www.diabetes.org.uk/about_us/news_landing_page/middle-aged-men-twice-as-likely-to-have-diabetes-as-women.
  • Giovanni Guaraldi et al. Premature Age-Related Comorbidities Among HIV-Infected Persons Compared With the General Population. Clinical Infectious Diseases Advance Access published October 13, 2011; 1–7.
  • EFSA Panel on Dietetic Products, Nutrition, and Allergies (NDA); Scientific Opinion on Dietary reference values for water. EFSA Journal 2010; 8(3): 1459. [48 pp.]. http://dx.doi.org/10.2903/j.efsa.2010.1459. Available online: www.efsa.europa.eu.
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  • Robert Kalyesubula and Mark A. Perazella. Nephrotoxicity of HAART. AIDS Research and Treatment Vol. 2011, Article ID 562790, 11 pages http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2011/562790.
  • Global Health Observatory (GHO) data Raised cholesterol. Organización Mundial de la Salud (WHO). http://www.who.int/gho/ncd/risk_factors/cholesterol_text/en/.
  • Giovanni Guaraldi, Manyu Prakash, Christiane Moecklinghoff and Hans-Jürgen Stellbrink. Morbidity in Older HIV-Infected Patients: Impact of Long-Term Antiretroviral Use. AIDS Rev. 2014; 16: 75–89.
  • High liver pressure https://www.heart.org/en/health-topics/high-blood-pressure.
  • Aging changes in sleep. Medline Plus. https://medlineplus.gov/ency/article/004018.htm.
  • Maria Felicia Faienza et al. Postmenopausal Osteoporosis: The Role of Immune System Cells. Clinical and Developmental Immunology Vol. 2013, Article ID 575936, 6 pages http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/575936.
  • HIV and Osteoporosis. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. https://hivinfo.nih.gov/understanding-hiv/fact-sheets/hiv-and-osteoporosis.
  • Pioneering Liver Health. British Liver Trust. http://www.britishlivertrust.org.uk/liver-information.
  • Alcoholic liver disease: A grave concern for Europe. European Association for the Study of the Liver. http://www.easl.eu/media/. Ultimo acceso: marzo 2019.
  • Xiangbo Huang et al. Liver Damage in Patients with HCV/HIV Coinfection Is Linked to HIV-Related Oxidative Stress. Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity. Vol. 2016, Article ID 8142431, 11 pages.
  • E. Senkus, S. Kyriakides, S. Ohno, F. Penault-Llorca, P. Poortmans, E. Rutgers,S. Zackrisson & F. Cardoso, on behalf of the ESMO Guidelines Committee. Primary breast cancer: ESMO Clinical Practice Guidelines for diagnosis, treatment and follow-up. Annals of Oncology 26(Supplement 5): v8–v30, 2015.
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  • CU Nduka, S Stranges, AM Sarki, PK Kimani and OA Uthman. Evidence of increased blood pressure and hypertension risk among people living with HIV on antiretroviral therapy: a systematic review with meta-analysis. Journal of Human Hypertension. (2016) 30: 355–362.
  • Eye health tips for older people. NHS Choices. http://www.nhs.uk/Livewell/over60s/Pages/eyehealth.aspx.
  • D Rosenfeld, Keele University et al. Getting older with HIV: A study of HIV positive people. HIV & Later life. Summary October 2015, https://www.keele.ac.uk. Ultimo acceso: marzo 2019.

Estigma, discriminación y derechos

VIHpedia / Prevenir el VIH

En tu vida sexual

Si eres usuario de drogas

Si participas en una sesión de chemsex

Qué es la PrEP

Qué es la profilaxis post-exposición (PEE)

La prevención combinada